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Voter Registration Observation (VRO)
The right of all adult citizens to participate in the affairs of their government is one of the cornerstones of democracy. Perhaps the most fundamental form of participation is voting in free and fair elections. For citizens to exercise their democratic right to vote there must be a comprehensive and inclusive electoral register, also called a voters list; and this must be carefully maintained to ensure that each eligible citizen is registered to vote once and only once. A voters list makes it possible to separate two of the most important functions of the election authority: verifying voter eligibility and controlling the legitimacy of the balloting process. The list may also be used in voter education, and may be provided to political parties and candidates to aid them in their campaigns. While elections may proceed without it, a voters list offers advantages that readily justify its use.

By confirming that voters have met all eligibility requirements, the voters list helps confer legitimacy on the electoral process. Conversely, the legitimacy of the process will immediately be called into question if there are problems with voter registration, and particularly with the integrity of the voters list. Voter registration therefore is one of the most important tasks of election administration. Voter registration is the process of verifying potential voters, and entering their names and other substantiating information on a voters list. For registration to be fair, comprehensive and inclusive, potential voters must be aware of the registration process and have reasonable opportunity to complete it. Voter education campaigns foster the necessary awareness by emphasizing the importance of registration, explaining citizens’ responsibilities in becoming registered, and presenting information on how to complete the registration process.


In recognition of NEOC’s time-tested engagement in ensuring freedom of elections, it is the only organization accredited by the Election Commission of Nepal (ECN) for the observation of the ongoing voter registration program in the country.� NEOC has been observing the process to ensure that the registration is� inclusive – that is, accessible to all groups and categories of eligible citizens and there is no systemic bias against any identifiable group. NEOC also intends to see that� the residents of rural areas, people with low literacy levels, people who are economically disenfranchised or homeless and people who face cultural biases against their participation in politics and public affairs get equal and unhindered opportunity in the voter registration process.